Many people are particularly badly affected at this time of the year. As soon as you leave the house, the big sneeze begins. The eyes water and it is hard to bear. The good old hay fever keeps 15 percent of people in Germany on the go every year. It is the most common form of allergy.
Studies show that more and more people suffer from allergies. An allergy is the defense reaction of your own immune system against various substances.
Typical symptoms are watery eyes, runny nose, and rash. If you notice these symptoms, get tested for allergies. If shortness of breath or an allergic shock occurs, it can even be life-threatening for the person concerned.
1. House dust allergy
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If you now clear out your cupboards and sort everything, you will be surprised why you suddenly have to sneeze often. Then you are probably allergic to house dust and mites. However, this is not a problem, because every fourth German suffers from it.
As with hay fever, the allergy is triggered by contact with dust. In addition to watery eyes, runny nose, sneezing and asthmatic complaints can result.
A tip: The mites can be prevented by regular cleaning . Daily ventilation is also useful . There are also certain textiles that allergy sufferers respond better to. Inform yourself! The next allergy is also more common than expected.
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It is called hives if the skin is particularly sensitive to food, cold or friction. Hives are a rash that is comparable to contact with nettles .
The symptoms show up in a red rash that is itchy. There is often a wheal formation . So that the trigger can be identified, it is recommended to keep a hives diary.
It is often food or textiles that exacerbate or cause the outbreak of hives. Stress or fatigue can also lead to a more extreme physical reaction . There are creams that you can use to get this allergy under control.
3. Hay fever
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If you are currently out of the house and have hay fever , it really is not easy. The eyes water and the nose starts to run immediately. It is enjoyed everywhere and handkerchiefs should be at hand at all times.
Hay fever is one of the most common allergy in Germany. This is triggered by grasses, pollen, flowers, herbs or trees . If the mucous membranes come into contact with these substances, an allergic reaction is triggered.
Two thirds of Germans struggle with hay fever. The disease can occur in early childhood and can be regulated by medication . But you can now find out which allergies also often occur in Germans .
4. Mold allergy
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If an apartment is not well ventilated and the moisture builds up in the apartment, this can lead to black small dots on the wall. However, this is not harmless, but mold that is very hazardous to health.
Much like the plants, the mold also blooms. However, no pollen is released, but fungal spores. Molds can be found in potted plants or air conditioning systems and often in poorly ventilated rooms.
The spores of the fungus enter the body with the air we breathe or with food and trigger allergies there. Symptoms include sneezing, nasal congestion, coughing, or runny nose. There are various treatments like nasal spray or allergy pills.
5. Food allergy
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Who still remembers the children in elementary school, whose parents always asked for or brought special food? Back then it was really strange, but today we understand it. Nothing is more annoying than a food allergy.
Incompatible foods cause abdominal pain or gastrointestinal complaints. If this happens more often, it could be the first sign of a food allergy. For example, it could occur when eating fish, nuts, or cereal products.
Milk, spices, and fruit are also triggers of allergies. Flatulence, diarrhea, nausea and constipation are symptoms of a food allergy. Sneezing or runny nose may also occur. A food diary is therefore highly recommended.
6. Animal allergy
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Cats and dogs can be so cute! You just want to hug and stroke them. Alarm for every allergy sufferer. Red eyes and a sneezing sensation are inevitable. Ironically, 20 percent of all pet owners have an animal allergy.
In addition to cats and dogs, horses or hamsters are often the reason for an allergic reaction. It is not the animal hair that leads to an allergy, but the skin flakes and body secretions of the animals.
Animal allergy is most common in contact with cats. This is due to the special floating properties of the cat allergens. They can easily spread and stick to clothing.
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If you think it is troublesome to have an allergy, you are now being taught better. Long live the cross allergy! No, having fun aside, it’s really complex and very nerve-wracking. Cross allergies can also cause a new allergy that you didn’t really have before.
With this allergy, one should note that allergy sufferers not only react directly to certain allergens but also to close relatives. So if you have hay fever and a food allergy at the same time, you suffer twice.
Symptoms include itchy rashes, sneezing, coughing, runny nose or gastrointestinal complaints. To find out which allergen to react to, a symptom diary should be kept.
8. Occupational allergies
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Many don’t even know that allergies are one of the most common occupational diseases. The body reacts to various materials that are in the workplace. For example, if you work in a tailor shop, you may have a textile dust allergy.
One should keep in mind that an allergy can occur in any professional group. Because even a baker can be allergic to flour dust. A hairdresser may be allergic to dyes, shampoos or fixatives.
Unfortunately, in the case of an allergy, exactly these substances should be avoided. One can imagine that this is almost impossible. This can possibly be discussed with the manager. Otherwise, medication also helps.
9. Contact allergy
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The skin is the largest human organ. If she is hypersensitive, her well-being is massively impaired. Therefore, contact allergy is particularly uncomfortable. The skin can react to a wide variety of substances.
About 15 to 20 percent of Germans are sensitive to at least one common contact allergen. These include nickel, which is found in costume jewelry, or fragrances in certain cosmetics.
When the allergen reacts, the skin begins to itch, redden, and can form small blisters. If you notice these symptoms appear, see a doctor. We will explain the symptoms you should also see the doctor in the section below.
10. Sun allergy
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You are finally on vacation and lie relaxed on the beach . Soak up the sun, but be careful ! That can quickly backfire. One should not only pay attention to good sun protection , but rather avoid the direct sun , but who does it?
A sun allergy is often the reaction to long sunbathing . However, the ingredients of a sunscreen can also cause irritation.
The symptoms are swelling and reddening of the skin, wheals and blisters, itching and nodules . To avoid sun allergy , you should slowly get used to the sun and cover it well with both clothing and UV protection . How to avoid “Mallorca acne” .
11. Perfume / Kosmetika
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With the whole range of products on offer these days, one or the other is tempted to put pressure on their skin. First a fragrant shampoo, then shower gels, perfumed body lotions, a little make-up, and finally deodorant and a splash of your favorite perfume.
As you can see, the body is exposed to many stimuli and this can lead to irritation. Also, detergents or cleaning products can body so much that irritate skin redness, itching, or chronic inflammation arising therefrom. In this case, less is more!
Watch her body and look a little through her shelves. Which product contains unnecessary fragrances? There are also skin-friendly alternatives in the drugstore.
12. Plant Allergy
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Who swears by the care of natural vegetable oils? It may sound great and nourishing, but it is extremely irritating to the skin. What may seem natural or healthy at first glance is unfortunately not so good for the skin.
As described in the last section, fragrances can be extremely irritating to the skin and such vegetable oils mostly contain fragrances. Many plants and their ingredients have a skin-irritating effect when they come into direct contact with the skin.
If the ingredients come out of the plant with the juice, itching, reddening, blisters and edema occur in direct contact with the skin. You can find out which allergies are really dangerous in the next section.
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Medications can have different side effects. This also includes an allergy. With this allergy, the immune system recognizes the components of the drug as a foreign substance and resists it.
Typical symptoms include redness, skin warmth, hives, itching, swelling of the mucous membranes and water retention in the tissues. Anyone who notices this should urgently see a doctor.
Often, the treatment will take a little longer, since another effective drug 1 has to be sought. It is particularly important to keep a close eye on the body even with a new drug. 12.3% of Germans struggle with it and the most problematic remedies are mainly penicillin or pain relievers.
14. Insect allergy
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An insect bite is always annoying and can be very painful. Usually, however, it is not a cause for concern. Unless you have an insect allergy. It is, therefore, understandable that one or the other will panic when they discover such an insect.
Some people even react so extremely to insect venom that a life-threatening situation can occur within a few minutes without medical help. It is an anaphylactic shock, which fortunately occurs very rarely.
7.1 percent of Germans have ever suffered from anaphylactic shock. Therefore, please inform yourself and avoid bees, wasps, hornets, bumblebees, or spiders.
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Cool new leather jacket put on and suddenly itches? That could be because of the chrome. Chrome is used to tan leather. Since chromium is found in metallic objects and also in food, it can be both a contact allergy and a food allergy.
When people who are allergic to chromium come into contact with the metal, skin irritation and disease symptoms occur. These can be very light and hardly noticeable, but it can also be life-threatening. Even if you often do not know what you are allergic to, an allergy test and the body’s own feelings are the most important tools.